Sri Lanka - korea Relations

Sri Lanka - korea Relations

Sri Lanka at a Glance

Official Name : Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Known as Taprobane, Serendib, Ceylon and the ‘Pearl of the Indian Ocean’, Sri Lanka is a tropical island nation located off the southern coast of India. Sri Lanka is well known for its natural beauty, climate and spices which attracted visitors, traders and tourists since ancient times. The island nation was an important trading post along the the historic spice route and the ancient maritime silk route, and is today strategically located along the East - West sea and air routes.

Few places in the world can offer the traveler such a remarkable combination of stunning landscapes, pristine beaches, captivating cultural heritage and unique experiences within such a compact location.
Within an area of 65,610 sq.km. lie 8 UNESCO World Heritage sites, 1,330 km of coastline - much of it pristine, 15 national parks showcasing an abundance of wildlife, nearly 500,000 acres of lush tea estates, 250 acres of botanical gardens, 350 waterfalls, 25,000 water bodies, and a culture that extends back in time over 2,500 years.

National

Anthem

National Anthem

National

  • The National Flag of Sri Lanka

  • Emblem of Sri Lanka

  • The Map of Sri Lanka

  • National Bird : The Wali Kukula
    (Gallus Lasseyapti)

  • National Tree : The Na tree
    (Mesua ferrea)

  • National Flower : The Blue Water Lily
    (Nymphaea stellata)

General Information

Location North Latitude 5° 55. to 9° 50., East Longitude 79° 42. to 81° 52.
Dimension 433km North to South, 226km East to West
Area 65,610 sq.km
Coastline 1,340km
Currency (Code) Sri Lankan Rupee (LKR)
Independence 4 February 1948
Administrative Capital Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
Commercial Capital Colombo
Climate Typically tropical, with a northeast monsoon (December to March), and a southwest monsoon (June to October)
Highest Mountain Pidurutalagala, 2,524m
Highest Waterfall Bambarakanda, 263m
National Parks and Nature Reserves Area 8,000sq.km
Population 20,966,00 (2015)
Population Growth Rate 0.9% (2015)
Population Density 334 people per sq km (2015)
Life Expectancy at Birth 74.9 (2014)
Literacy Rate 93.3 (Female 92.6 Male 94.2) (2014)
Ethnic Groups Sinhala 74.9%, Sri Lankan Tamil 11.1%, Sri Lankan Moor 9.3%, Indian Tamil 4.1%, Other 0.5% (2012)
Religions Buddhist 70.1%, Hindu 12.6%, Muslim 9.7%, Roman Catholic & Christian 7.6%, Other 0.03% (2012)
GDP at current market price (US$ billion) 82.3 (2015)
Per Capita GDP at Market Price (US$) 3924 (2015)
GDP - real growth rate 4.8% (2015)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin Agriculture : 7.9%, industry : 26.2%, services : 56.6%,
Labor force 8,973,000 (2015)
Labor force - by occupation Agriculture : 28.2%, Industry : 26.0%, Services : 45.8% (2015)
Unemployment rate 4.6% (2015)
Inflation rate 3.1 (2015)
Agriculture Exports Tea, Rubber, Coconut, Spices, Vegetables, Unmanufactured Tobacco, Seafood
Industrial Exports Textiles & Garments; Rubber Products; Petroleum Products; Gems & Jewelry; Food, beverages & Tobacco; Machinery & Mechanical Appliances; Printing Industry Products; Transport Equipment; Leather, Travel goods & Footwear; Ceramic products
Total exports US$ 10,505 million (2015)
Exports Partners USA 27%, Asia 17%, EU-Other 12%, UK 10%, Middle East 10% Germany 4%, Belgium 3%, Other 17% (2015)
Total imports US$ 18,935 million (2015)
Main Imports Vehicles, Fuels, Textile & Textile Articles, Medical & Pharmaceuticals, Home Appliances, Food & Beverages, Diamonds, Precious stone, Metals, Chemical Products, Fertilizer, Building Materials, Transport equipment, Machinery & Equipment
Import Partners India 23%, China 20%, Middle East 8%, Singapore 6%, Asia- Other 17%, EU 9%, USA 2%, Other 15% (2015)
Sources :
  • 1. Central Bank Report 2015
  • 2. Statistical Pocket Book 2016, Department of Census & Statistics